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Excerpts of talks between Apollo 11 crew and mission control

ADVANCE FOR MONDAY, JULY 20; JULY 21, 1969 FILE PHOTO AP provides access to this publicly distributed HANDOUT photo to be used only to illustrate news reporting or commentary on the facts or events depicted in this image. AP provides access to this publicly distributed HANDOUT photo to be used only to illustrate news reporting or commentary on the facts or events depicted in this image.Anonymous/AP

<ission control personnel watch the moon walk by Apollo 11 astronauts, in Houston.

(Originally published by the Daily News on July 21, 1969.)

HOUSTON, TEX., July 20 (Special)

“Houston, Tranquility base here. The Eagle has landed.”

Tersely, dramatically, astronaut Neil Armstrong reported today to Mission Control and the world that he and Edwin Aldrin Jr. had landed on the moon. The give and take between the Eagle landing craft and control went on:

APOLLO 11 LANDS THE FIRST MAN ON THE MOON IN 1969

CONTROL: Roger, Tranquility. We copy you on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We’re breathing again. Thanks a lot.

EAGLE (Armstrong): Thank you… That may have seemed like a very long final phase. The auto targeting field-size, uh, football-field-size crater. There’s a large number of big boulders and rocks for about one or two craters and rocks for about one or two crater diameters around it. And it required us to plunk down in P-66 (nonautomatic flight) and fly in manually over the rock field a reasonably good area.

We’ll get to the details of what’s around here, but it looks like a collection of just about every variety of shape, angularity, granularity, and every variety of rock you could find.

The colors, well, it varies pretty much depending on how you’re looking relative to the… There doesn’t appear to be too much of a general color at all; however, it looks as though some of the rocks and boulders, of which there are quite a few in the near area, it looks as though they’re going to have some interesting colors to them.

EAGLE (Aldrin): I’d say the color of the local surface is very comparable to that we observed from orbit at this sun angle, about 10 degrees sun angle, or that nature. It’s pretty much without color. It’s gray, and it’s very white, chalky gray as you look into the zero phase line and it’s considerably darker gray, more like ash, ashen gray as you look out 90 degrees to the sun. Some of the surface rocks in close here that have been fractured or disturbed by the rocket engine are coated with this light gray on the outside, but where they’ve been broken they display a dark, very dark gray interior…

EAGLE (Aldrin): This is the LM pilot. I’d like to take this opportunity to ask every person listening in, whoever and wherever they may be, to pause a moment and contemplate the events of the past few hours and to give thanks in his or her own way.

ASTRONAUT MICHAEL COLLINS, alone in the mother ship, Columbia: Sounds like it looks a lot better than it did yesterday at that very low sun angle. It looked rough as a cob.

EAGLE: It was really rough. Mike, over the targeted landing area. It was extremely rough cratered and large numbers of rocks that were probably some many larger than 5 or 10 feet in size. But we did.

COLUMBIA (Collins): You might be interested to know that I don’t think we notice any difficulty at all in adapting ti 1-6g (a sixth of earth’s gravity). It seems immediately natural to move in this environment.

CONTROL: Roger, Tranquility, we copy, over.

EAGLE (Armstrong): There is a relatively level plain cratered with a fairly large number of craters of the 50-to-50-foot variety and some ridges, small 20, 30 feet high, I would guess, and literally thousands of little one and two-foot craters around the area. We see some angular blocks several hundred feet in front of us that are probably two feet in size and have angular edges. There is a hill in view just about on the ground track ahead of us. Difficult to estimate, but might be a half a mile or a mile.

EAGLE: The guys that said we wouldn’t be able to tell precisely where we are are the winners today. We were a little busy worrying about program alarms and things like that in the part of the descent where we would normally be picking out our landing spot. And aside from a good look at several of the craters we came over in the final descent, I haven’t been able to pick out the things on the horizon as a reference as yet.

CONTROL: Right, Tranquility, no sweat. We’ll figure it out.

CONTROL: Tranquility base, the “white” team is going off now and letting the “maroon” team take over. We appreciate the great show. It was a beautiful job, you guys.

EAGLE (Armstrong): Uh, Roger.

Our recommendation at this point is planning an EVA with our concurrence starting at about 8 o’clock this evening, Houston time. That is about three hours from now.

CONTROL: Stand by.

EAGLE (Armstrong): We’ll give you some time to think about that.

Exported.;NASA/AFP/Getty Images

NASA photo shows the lunar module, with Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, as it approaches the Apollo 11 command module for a rendezvous with the Earth in the background.

CONTROL: Tranquility base, Houston, we’ve thought about it. We will support it. We’re go at that time, over.

CONTROL: Tranquility base, Houston. That’s fine. We’re ready to support you any time, Neil. Over.

EAGLE (Armstrong): Right.

EAGLE (Aldrin): OK, stand by, Neil.

CONTROL: Columbia, Columbia, this is Houston. One minute 30 seconds LOS all systems go.

CONTROL: Neil Armstrong is on the porch at 109 hours, 19 minutes, 16 seconds.

EAGLE (Aldrin): Hold it just a minute.

EAGLE (Armstrong): OK.

CONTROL: Twenty-five minutes of PLSS time expended now.

EAGLE (unidentified astronaut): OK, can you pull the door open a little more.

EAGLE(Armstrong): House, Neil, radio check.

CONTROL: Neil, this is Houston. Radio check. Buzz, this is Houston radio check. Are TV circuit breakers in?

EAGLE (Armstrong): Roger, circuit breakers in.

TV Picture Upside Down

CONTROL: We’re getting a picture on the TV… There’s a great deal of contrast in it and currently it’s upside down in our monitor, but we can make out a fair amount of detail.

EAGLE (Aldrin): OK, can you verify position opening? I ought to have on the camera.

CONTROL: OK, Neil, we can see you coming down the ladder now.

EAGLE (Armstrong): OK, I just checked. Coming back up to the first step… it’s adequate to get back up. It’s a pretty good little jump.

EAGLE (Armstrong): At foot of the ladder the left foot pads are only depressed in the surface about one or two inches, although the surface appears to be very, very fine-grained as you get closer to it. It’s almost like a powder.

EAGLE (Armstrong): Going to step off the LEM now. That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. The surface is fine and powdery. I can pick it up loosely with my toe. It does adhere in fine layers like powdered charcoal to the sole and inside of my boots. I only go in a small fraction of an inch – an eighth of an inch – but I can see the footprints of my boots and the treads in the fine sandy particles.

CONTROL: Roger, this is Houston. We’re copying.

ARMSTRONG: There seems to be no difficulty in moving around, as we suspected. It’s even perhaps, easier than the simulations of one sixth G that we performed in simulations on the ground. Hopefully, no trouble to walk around.

NYC PAPERS OUT. Social media use restricted to low res file max 184 x 128 pixels and 72 dpiKeystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images

American astronaut Neil Armstrong put a foot on the moon July 21, 1969 during the Apollo 11 mission.

ARMSTRONG: The descent engine did not leave a crater on the ground. It’s essentially a one-inch clearance on the ground. I can see some evidence of rays emanating from the descent engine, but a very insignificant amount.

ARMSTRONG: OK, Buzz, ready to bring down the camera?

ALDRIN: All ready. It looks like I’m all squared away and in good shape.

ARMSTRONG: It’s quite dark in the shadow and a little hard for me to see, but I have good footing. I’ll work my way to the sunlight here without looking directly into the sun.

CONTROL: Unofficial time on first step: 109:24:20.

ARMSTRONG: Looking at the LEM. I’m standing directly in the shadow now, looking up at Buzz in the windows – and I can see everything quite clearly. The light is sufficiently backlighted in the front of the LEM so that everything is clearly visible.

EAGLE (Aldrin): OK, I’m going to be changing…

ARMSTRONG: OK

CONTROL: The surgeon says the crew is doing well. Data is good. The crew is doing well, 35 and a half minutes of PLSS time expended now.

ARMSTRONG: Right.

CONTROL: OK, that’s good.

ARMSTRONG: It’s very interesting. It’s a very soft surface, but here and there where I plug with the contingency sampler I run into a very hard surface, but it seems to be cohesive material of the same sort. I’ll try to get a rock in here.

ARMSTRONG: It has a stark beauty all its own. It’s like much of the high desert of the United States. It’s different, but it’s very pretty out here. Be advised that a lot of the samples out here are the hard-rock sample…

EAGLE: (Aldrin): OK, the handle is off. It pushes about six or eight inches in the surface.

ARMSTRONG: Sure is. I’m sure I could push it farther, but it’s so hard for me to bend down farther.

ARMSTRONG: That pocket open?

EAGLE (Aldrin): Yes, it is – it’s not quite far enough. Hit it back against your suit once more.

ARMSTRONG: That’s in the pocket? Not all the way in.

EAGLE (Aldrin): Yes, it is. Push down… No it’s not all the way in. Push. there you go.

ARMSTRONG: The sample is in the pocket.

CONTROL: This is Houston. Roger Neil.

EAGLE (Aldrin): OK, I got the cameras on at on frame a second.

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ARMSTRONG: OK.

ARMSTRONG: Are you getting a TV picture now, Houston?

CONTROL: Neil, yes, we are getting a TV picture. Neil this is Houston. We’re getting a picture. You’re not in it at the present time. We can see the bag… being moved by Buzz. Here you come now in the field of view now.

EAGLE (Aldrin): OK, ready for me to come out?

ARMSTRONG: Just one second I’ll… the hand rail. OK?

EAGLE (Aldrin): That’s got it. Are you ready?

ARMSTRONG: All set. OK, you saw what difficulties I was having? I’ll try to watch your PLSS from underneath here.

ARMSTRONG: OK, your PLSS looks like it’s clear and OK. OK. Now drop your PLSS down. OK, you’re clear. Got about an inch clearance on top of your PLSS.

ARMSTRONG: You’re right at the back of the porch.

EAGLE (Aldrin): Arching of the back… cleared… without any trouble at all.

ARMSTRONG: Looks good.

CONTROL: Forty five minutes PLSS time expended.

Take Good Care of ‘Home’

EAGLE (Aldrin): That’s out home for the next couple of hours. We ought to take care of it. OK I’m on the top step. It’s a very simple matter to hop down from one step to the next.

ARMSTRONG: Yes, it’s very comfortable, and walking is also comfortable. You’ve got three more steps and then a long one.

ALDRIN: Leave that one foot up there and both hands. (Jumps to step)

ARMSTRONG: There you go.

ALDRIN: That’s a good step.

ARMSTRONG: About a three-footer.

ALDRIN: Beautiful view!

ARMSTRONG: Isn’t that something.

ALDRIN: It’s really a fine power, isn’t it? Right in this area… It’s hard to tell whether it’s a… or a rock. Reaching down is fairly easy. I don’t want to get my suit dirty at this stage. The mass of the back pack does have some effect in pressure. There’s a slight tendency, I can see now, to lean backwards due to the soft, very soft, texture.

Exported.;NASA/AFP/Getty Images

NASA image shows Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong’s right foot leaving a footprint in the lunar soil as he and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin become the first men to set foot on the surface of the moon.

ARMSTRONG: There’s a big rock there now.

ALDRIN: No crater there at all from the engine.

ARMSTRONG: No. I wonder if that (depression) under the engine… Right, I think that’s a good representation of our sideways velocity on touchdown.

ALDRIN: Incidentally, these rocks, this very powdery surface, uh…

CONTROL: Say again please, Buzz, you’re cutting out.

ALDRIN: I say that the rocks are rather slippery. The powdery surface, when it’s all there, fills up all the real little… fine tends to slide over rather easily.

CONTROL: Neil Armstrong is getting ready to move the TV camera now, out to its panorama position.

ALDRIN: I was just about to lose my balance in one direction, and recovery is very natural and very easy, but be careful that you’re leaning in the direction you want to go. You have to cross your foot over to stay. Neil, didn’t I say we might see some purple rock?

ARMSTRONG: Find the purple rocks?

ALDRIN: Yep. Pretty small sparkly fragments of purple rock. Take a first guess – some type of biotite. We’ll leave that to the lunar analysis. You don’t dig down more than a quarter of an inch.

Looking for Purple Rock

ALDRIN: Neil is now unveiling the plaque.

CONTROL: Roger, we’ve got you both sighted.

ARMSTRONG: Still we haven’t read the plaque – I’ll read the plaque on the front leg of this LEM. It shows two hemispheres. It says: “Here men from the planet earth first set foot upon the moon July 1969. We came in peace for all mankind.” It has crew members’ signature and the signature of the President of the United States.

ARMSTRONG: Will You pull out some of my cable for me, Buzz?

CONTROL: This is Houston. We can see Buzz’s right hand. We can focus to eight inches to a foot from his right hand while he’s putting out the cable.

ARMSTRONG: How is the temperature of the camera?

ALDRIN: (voice quavering) – T-t-temperature of the camera is c-c-cold.

ARMSTRONG: Have I got plenty of cable?

ALDRIN: You’ve got plenty. Plenty more.

ARMSTRONG: Something interesting. In the bottom of this little crater here.

Watch Out for the Cable

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ALDRIN: Keep going, we got a lot, we got a lot more. It’s getting a little harder to pull put here.

ALDRIN: You’re backing into the cable.

ARMSTRONG: I don’t want to go into the sun. I’ll just leave it sit like that and walk around it.

ALDRIN: Houston, how is that field of view going to be?

CONTROL: Neil, this is Houston. The field of view is OK. We’d like you to aim it a little more to the right, over. OK, that looks good, Neil.

ARMSTRONG: Let’s try it like that or a while.

CONTROL: You’re goin too fast on the panorama sweep.

ARMSTRONG: I haven’t set it down yet. That’s the first picture in the panorama right there. Taken about north-northeast. Tell me if if you got a picture, Houston?

CONTROL: We’ve got a beautiful picture, Neil.

ARMSTRONG: OK, I’m going to move it.

CONTROL: OK, we got that one.

ARMSTRONG: OK, this one’s right down front, facing west. I want to know if you can see a large angular rock in the foreground?

CONTROL: Roger, looks like another rock to the left.

ARMSTRONG: Farther beyond it is a larger rock. The closer one is sticking out of the sand about one foot. It’s standing on edge.

A Pair of Long Craters

ARMSTRONG: The little hill just beyond the shadow of the LEM is one of a pair of elongated craters… We’ll probably get some more work in there later.

CONTROL: Roger, we see Buzz going about his work.

CONTROL: Buzz is erecting the solar wind experiment now. All LEM systems are still looking good.

ARMSTRONG: OK?

CONTROL: Columbia, Columbia, this is Houston, over.

COLUMBIA (Collins): Columbia, over.

CONTROL: Neil Armstrong has been on lunar surface now almost 45 minutes.

; ; cg_trophy;Finkerstein, Mel

The face of President Nixon is superimposed on TV screen as he speaks to the Apollo 11 astronauts during their walk on the lunar surface. Moonmen flank American flag.

CONTROL: Going beautifully. I guess they’re setting up the flag now.

CONTROL: Guess you’re the only person around who doesn’t have TV coverage.

COLUMBIA (Collins): That’s alright. I don’t mind a bit.

ARMSTRONG: You can see the Stars and Stripes on the lunar surface.

CONTROL: Beautiful, just beautiful.

ARMSTRONG: Do you think you can pull that end off – pull it up a little…

ALDRIN: It won’t go in.

ARMSTRONG: OK.

The Problem of Movement

ALDRIN: I’d like to evaluate the various phases a person can… move on the lunar surface. I’m out of your field of view. Right, Houston.

CONTROL: That’s affirmative.

ALDRIN: You do have to be careful where the center of mass is. Like a football player, you just have to get out to the side and cut a little bit.

ALDRIN: It’s the so-called Kangaroo hop. It does work, but your forward mobility is not quite as good as the conventional. Safe pace might be…

CONTROL : The President of the United States is in his office now, and he would like to say a few words to you.

ARMSTRONG: That would be an honor.

CONTROL: Go ahead, Mr. President, this is Houston. Out.

NIXON: Hello, Neil and Buzz. I’m talking to you by telephone from the Oval Room at the White House, and this certainly has to be the most historic telephone call ever made.

I just can’t tell you how proud we all are… For every American, this has to be the proudest day of our lives, and for people all over the world, I am sure, they, too, join with Americans in recognizing what an immense feat this is.

Because of what you have done the heavens have become a part of man’s world, and as you talk to us from the Sea of Tranquility, it inspires us to redouble our efforts to bring peace and tranquility to earth. For one priceless moment in the whole history of man, all the people on this earth are truly one, one in their pride in what you have done and one in our prayers that you will return safely to earth.

ARMSTRONG: Thank you, Mr. President, it’s a great honor and privilege for us to be here representing not only the United States but men of peace of all nations, men with interest and curiosity, and men with the vision for the future. It’s an honor for us to be able to participate here today.

NIXON: And thank you very much, and I look forward, all of us look forward to seeing you on the Hornet on Thursday.

ALDRIN: We look forward to that very much, sir.

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ALDRIN: Watch the cable. Lift up right foot. Your right foot is still hooked in it.

ARMSTRONG: OK now?

ALDRIN: OK.

ARMSTRONG: Thank you.

ALDRIN: The blue color of my boots has completely disappeared… I still don’t know exactly what color to describe this – a grayish cocoa color. It’s covering most of the lighter part of boot – very fine particles.

CONTROL: Neil’s been on the surface an hour now. Buzz not quite 20 minutes less than that.

ALDRIN: I’m taking a look around the area. There’s a light gray-colored halo around my own shadow, around the shadow of my helmet. I’m surveying the dusty area we’ve kicked up – it’s considerably darker in texture than the unkicked-up ones.

CONTROL: Neil’s been on the surface about one hour and 10 minutes now.

COLUMBIA (Collins): Roger. No marks on the LEM that time. I did see three small white objects. I have the coordinates. I think they would know if they were in such a location.

CONTROL: Neil was finished collecting and packing the bulk sample.

ALDRIN: Houston, how does your time line appear to be going?

CONTROL: Roger, loks like you’re about a half hour slow on it. We’re working on the consumables.

ALDRIN: All right.

CONTROL: Neil and Buzz, this is Houston. To clarify my last, your consumables are in good shape at this time. The 30-minute reference was in respect to the nominal time line.

ALDRIN: There’s a very surprising lack of penetration of all four of the (LEM) footpads. I’m trying to determine just how far below the surface they have penetrated. You’d say about 3 inches, wouldn’t you say, Neil?

ARMSTRONG: At the most, yeah. That on is probably less than that.

ALDRIN: Get a picture of … strut taken from the descent stage and I think we’ll be able to see a little bit better what the thermal effects are. They seem to be quite minimal.

ALDRIN: Here’s one picture taken at the right rear of the spacecraft, looking at descent stage. One descent both of us noticed quite a bit of light fine particles moving out. It was reported we would probably see a lot of upgassing from the surface following engine shutdown, but, as I recall, I was unable to.

ALDRIN: You could stop and take a photograph of something and then start moving again sideways. There’s quite a tendency to start doing it with just sideways hops. Can you see us underneath LEM?

CONTROL: Yes, indeed, Buzz, we can see your feet just the other side of the SEQ bay and the structure of the LEM descent stage.

CONTROL: The flight surgeon says everything looks fine.

ALDRIN: Houston, the seismometer has been deployed manually.

dnp;AP

Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin, the first men to land on the moon, plant the U.S. flag on the lunar surface.

CONTROL: Roger.

CONTROL: They’ve been on the portable life support systems for two hours now.

ALDRIN: (deploying experiments): Have you got a site picked out?

ARMSTRONG: Well, Buzz, I think out on that rise there is probably as good as any. Stay on the high ground, there.

ALDRIN: Well, it’s going to be a little difficult to find a good level spot there.

ARMSTRONG: I would go right around to the left there in that level spot.

ALDRIN: Well, it looks like right here it’s just as level.

ARMSTRONG: These boulders look like basalt and they have probably 2% white minerals in them – white crystals. The thing I reported as vesicular before, I don’t think I believe that any more. I believe it’s small craters – they look little impact craters where BB shot has hit the surface.

CONTROL: We’ve been looking at consumables and you’re in good shape. Subject to your concurrence. We’d like to extend EVA for 15 minutes from nominal. Your current elapsed time is 2 plus 12. Over.

CONTROL: This is Houston. If you’re still in vicinity of PSE, could you get a picture of the ball device.

ARMSTRONG: I’ll do that, Buzz.

ARMSTRONG: Oh, shoot. The ball is right in the middle now.

ALDRIN: Wonderful take a picture before it moves.

CONTROL: Buzz, this is Houston. You’ve got about 10 minutes now prior to commencing your EVA termination activities. Over.

ALDRIN: Houston, I have the (moonquake seismometer) experiment deployed now, and I’m

ARMSTRONG: The bubble is level and the alignment appears to be good. Having a little difficulty leveling it.

CONTROL: Roger. If you think it looks level by eyeball, go ahead.

ARMSTRONG: Good work. Good show. Hey, whoa, whoa, whoa. Stop. Back up.

Assist in Solar Ray Deployment

ALDRIN: Houston, as I was deploying the solar ray, the left solar ray deployed automatically.

CONTROL: Roger, Buzz. Understand you did successfully deploy both solar rays?

ALDRIN: Roger. There isn’t any hope of telling whether you’re lined up.

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ALDRIN: Roger, I understand.

CONTROL: Tranquility base, this is Houston. The moonquake seisometer has been engaged and we’re observing short period oscillations.

CONTROL: Neil Armstrong has been on the surface now about an hour and 50 minutes.

ALDRIN: Collecting lunar soil samples. I hope you’re watching how hard I have to hit this into the ground to the tune of about five inches, Houston. It almost looks wet. I got it, perfect.

CONTROL: Buzz, this is Houston. Your have approximately three minutes until you must commence your EVA termination activities. Over.

CONTROL: Buzz, this is Houston. You have approximately three minutes until you must commence your EVA termination activities. Over.

CONTROL: Buzz, this Houston. It’s about time for you to start your EVA closeout activities.

ALDRIN: You didn’t get anything in those environmental samples, did you?

ARMSTING: Not yet. Don’t think we’ll have time.

ALDRIN (getting sample): OK, can you quickly stick this in our pocket, Neil? I’ll head on up the ladder.

ALDRIN: Anything more before I head on up (control)?

CONTROL: Nothing more. Head on up, Buzz.

CONTROL: Neil… did the Hasselblad magazine go up on the sample return container?

ARMSTRONG: How you doing, Buzz?

ALDRIN (going up into LEM): I’m OK.

CONTROL: The Lick Observatory in California reports a return on the laser experiment.

CONTROL: Neil and Buzz, for information, your consumables look in good shape.

ALDRIN (As astronauts worked to bring in soil samples and rocks): Easy now, easy. Easy on the hatch now. I’ve got it.

ARMSTRONG: Get that package out of your sleeve. Got it?

ALDRIN: No. I’ll get it when I get up there.

CONTROL: Unofficial time off the surface at 11:20:32.

ALDRIN: (As Armstrong came up into spacecraft): You’re rubbing up against me now. Now you’re clear. Now move your foot and I’ll get in the hatch.

ALDRIN: OK, the hatch is closed and latched.

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